Another country has been named in the list of countries sending its spaceship to Mars. And the name of this country is the UAE. This country with a population of 9 million has taken an important step and launched its first mission Mars. This mission is not only the first of this country, but it is also the first time that a Muslim nation has launched a Mars mission. The name of this mission is ‘Hope’, whose Arabic name is ‘Al Amal’ and it was launched on 19 July 2020. Under this mission, the UAE has sent its orbiter to Mars which will revolve around Mars and check its atmosphere. The launch of this spacecraft was cancelled twice, firstly on 14 July 2020 and then on 16 July 2020 due to bad weather.
Goal of the Mission
The UAE is primarily promoting it as an Arab space mission. They say that in addition to the UAE, a large Arab population is inhabited in Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and a lot of Arabic people inhabiting in Africa as well, so through this mission they wants to encourage their youth that in the field of science and technologies they can also move forward and contribute and that is why this mission is named ‘Hope’ or ‘Al-Amal’. If this mission is successful, then it will be the first Inter Planetary Mission of the Arab country in West Asia and that is why much enthusiasm is being seen and appreciated in all the Muslim nations. In countries like UAE where the literacy rate is very good, there is a lot of curiosity about this mission among the people.
If we look at the history of Mars mission, so far there are only 4 such countries which have succeeded and that is Russian Space Agency Roscosmos, America’s NASA, European Space Agency and the fourth is India’s ISRO. Now after the fourth, there is a collision for the fifth position, which country will be the fifth which will reach Mars. Because China has also launched its mission on 23 July 2020.
Features and Tasks
The Emirates’s spacecraft is sent by an H 2A rocket from Japanese private company Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and it has been launched from the Tanegashima Space Center in Kagoshima, Japan. The total cost of this mission is around 200 million US dollar, the spacecraft will reach in February 2021. In 2021 itself, the UAE will complete 50 years of its formation. Hope weighs around 1500 kg and is equipped with several scientific instruments such as’ exploration imager (high resolution camera), ultraviolet spectrometer (UV spectrograph), Mars infrared spectrometer and FTIR scanning spectrometer.
The important tasks of the Hop are as follows:
1) The spacecraft will orbit Mars to study the Martian atmosphere and its interaction with outer space and solar winds coming from sun
2) Hope will collect data on Martian climate dynamics which should help scientists understand why Mars’ atmosphere is decaying into space.
3) Giving them clues about why the atmosphere changed, to search for a connection between current weather on Mars and the one that existed.
This probe has to cover a distance of about 500 (493.5) million kilometers to reach Mars, which will take 7 months. The UAE has taken the help of the United States to make this probe. America’s University of Colorado Boulder, Arizona State University, and University of California all together have created its orbiter. Apart from this, the Indian space agency ISRO is also helping UAE. In 2014 ISRO and UAE Space Agency signed MoU under which India has guided UAE for its launch in 2019, because like Mangalyaan the Hope orbiter first will increase its speed by orbiting the Earth and then will go out of the gravity of Earth and move towards Mars.
So it is a time of great pride for the UAE as it is appreciated worldwide. NASA’s Perseverance Rover and Curiosity Rover have sent messages to welcome Hope and congratulate her on her contribution. Apart from this, UAE has promoted very well so that people take interest in the field of science and technologies. This will build healthy competition in Asia and will also promote science and technologies.